BOTTLE BABY GOATS

Your new goat needs to be bottle fed for about 3 months (some learn to drink milk from a bowl).  The best way to warm
the milk is to put the bottle in hot water until it is warm enough.  Goat's milk is best, but whole cow's milk from the
grocery store is better than canned or powdered goat's milk or milk replacer.  Mini goats will require up to36 oz a day.  
From birth to one week it is best to feed 6 to 8 small meals (3-4 ozs. per feeding) a day.  From one week to three
weeks 4 to 5 meals a day (5 to 8 ozs. per feeding).  Three weeks to eight weeks 3 meals a day (12 to 16 ozs. per
feeding).  From eight weeks to ten weeks 2 meals a day (12 to 16 ozs. per feeding).  Ten to eleven weeks 1 meal of 16
to 24 ozs.  The final week should be one meal every other day of 16 to 24 ozs.  

Hold the bottle above and away from his mouth so he has to stretch his neck to nurse.  This will insure that he doesn't
get the milk in his lungs or in the wrong stomach.  Goats have four stomachs, and there is a fairly delicate balance in
keeping them healthy, especially when they are still nursing.  Diarrhea can kill a young goat in a couple of days and
can be caused by too much milk or food, changes in feed, intestinal parasites, or even milk that is too cold.  One or two
bouts of diarrhea are nothing to worry about, but if it lasts more than a day, contact a Vet or us.

He will start to nibble on hay and grass, and at about two weeks will start to eat pelleted feed. Start out with 8-12
pellets, and then increase the amount as needed. Be sure to use a medicated goat food that has Ammonium Chloride
(AC) to prevent urinary stones and coccidiastat to prevent coccidiosis. If you have lots of weeds and brush, he can
probably survive on that, but he will do much better with supplemental feed.  Avoid sudden changes of feed as this can
cause stomach upsets and diarrhea.

Always be sure he has fresh water and hay.  Goats can be very picky and they usually won't eat hay or feed that has
been on the ground, put it in a bowl, bucket or feeder, preferably high enough that he can't poop in it.  They need both
green and dry plant matter to keep their stomachs working right, be sure they have good hay (horse quality) along with
their pelleted feed.  Goats don't graze on grass much; they "browse" on weeds, brush, and leaves, twigs, and
branches.  They will eat your flowers, plants, and trees; so protect your "good" plants.  Be especially careful about
Azaleas, Rhododendrons, oleander, dieffenbachia and other such plants as they are poisonous to goats.  There is a
very good list of plants that goats can and can't eat at:  

http://fiascofarm.com/goats/poisonousplants.htm

Once they start to eat dry food they will need to have fresh water available at all times.  You will also need to provide
baking soda and a goat mineral free choice at all times.  Baking soda helps keep the rumen in balance.

You will want to deworm and Coccidiastat your goat at 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks of age.  We recommend Valbazen (1cc
per 10#) for a wormer and Sulfadimethoxine for the Coccidiastat, these are available at Tractor Supply or many feed
stores.   

Sulfadimethoxine Brand Names:
Sulmet Drinking Water Solution 12.5%
Albon Concentrated Solution 12.5%
Albon Soluble Powder 107 gm pkg
Di-Methox Concentrated Solution 12.5%
*Di-Methox Soluble Powder 107 gm pkg

Concentrated Solution 12.5% - Straight from the bottle; do not mix with water. Administer/Drench directly into mouth  
Soluble Powder mixed as follows: dissolve one package (107 gms) in two cups of water. Keep refrigerated.  Give Orally
- Administer straight into the mouth using a syringe (remove the needle). Do not just add it to the kid's water because
you will not know if he receives the correct dose. Do not add it to his milk because the milk affects the potency of the
drug.  *This is the one we use

           Five day treatment- you must treat the full five days.
           Day one: 3 ml/cc
           Days 2-5: 2 ml/cc

Note: We sweeten the drench with a 1 tsp. Stevia herb or 4 tbs sugar or agave nectar per cup of Drench; our kids no
longer stand around gagging after their treatment and some even seem to like it.  There is good information on Cocci
prevention at http://fiascofarm.com/goats/coccidiosis.htm

For goats older than 3 months, we use Valbazen.  We dose at 1cc per 5.5#.  Some people prefer Quest horse wormer
paste dosed at 1/4 cc per 25# of weight.  We worm as needed but some people think  you should "worm" your goat at
least twice a year  (three times at 10 day intervals) in the Spring and Fall.  If your goat starts looking thin, has a dull
coat, or develops diarrhea, there is a good chance it is worms; it is best to take a fecal sample to your Vet and have
them check for worm eggs.  Most Vets will recommend Safeguard or Ivermectin, but we have found that these products
do not work well in goats (except for tapeworms). Vets are taught that if they see even one egg in a fecal sample that
they should "worm", but this is overkill in a goat; they should see dozens of eggs before worming is necessary.

We like Fiasco for general information, but in our climate natural wormers only work well for prevention, not treatment.  
If you want to use a natural wormer, first use a chemical wormer three times at 10 day intervals, then start using the
natural wormer.  The web address for Fiasco is http://fiascofarm.com/goats/wormers.htm

Barb and Lenny Findley

Feel free to call us at 281-686-5925 or email us at goaters@peoplepc.com for information or help Most Vets do not
know much about goats, we recommend Dr. Merry Holmes Vann in Coldspring -936-653-2759 or Conroe Veterinary
Clinic-936-756-5233.  The Large Animal Clinic at Texas A&M is top notch and very reasonable priced.  They have goat
specialist available 24/7.  Their number is 979-845-3541.

Recommended resources

BOOKS

Natural Goat Care by Pat Colby
The Goatkeeper's Veterinary Book By Peter Dunn
Goat Medicine by Smith & Sherman
Storey’s Guide to Raising Dairy Goats by Jerry Berlanger
(Available at most Tractor Supply stores, Amazon.com, and many libraries)

Sites for Info

http://www.miniaturedairygoats.com/  Miniature Dairy Goat Association  
Where we register our goats.
http://www.sheepandgoat.com/  Maryland Small Ruminant Page - University of Maryland.  Excellent articles and forms.
www.fiascofarm.com  excellent goat raising info especially “natural” care of goats

OnLine Sources

Jeffer's Livestock
  http://www.jefferslivestock.com/category.asp?camid=LIV&c=330&c2c=tn
Hoeggers Supply Company   http://www.hoeggerfarmyard.com/xcart/
Caprine Supply   http://www.caprinesupply.com/